It is the role of the council to provide good governance and leadership for the local community through advocacy, decision making and action. The Local Government Act 1989 provides a number of measures to support councils to improve governance processes and integrity and address governance and conduct issues when they arise.

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Municipal monitors

Municipal monitors can be appointed by the Minister for Local Government to councils that have experienced governance issues. The role of a monitor is to:  

  • observe governance processes and report back on issues
  • provide advice to councils that are experiencing governance issues
  • make recommendations to the Minister for further action

At the end of their appointment, the monitor provides a final report to the Minister.

Currently there are municipal monitors appointed to Frankston City Council and Greater Geelong City Council.

Principal Municipal Monitor Jude Munro AO and Municipal Monitor Peter Dorling were appointed to Greater Geelong City Council from November 2017. The monitors oversee and assist the council with its progress in implementing:

  • The findings and recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry
  • The findings of the Council’s Workplace Culture Review
  • The good governance framework identified by the Commission of Inquiry
  • Council’s ‘Transformation’ Program and ‘Our Future’ 30-year vision
  • Council’s strategic and financial plans, planning framework and community grants programs

The municipal monitors at Greater Geelong City Council prepare quarterly updates with the council administration on the council's Transformation Program. These updates are provided to the council and the Minister for Local Government.

To contact the Municipal Monitors please email:

Prue Digby was appointed as Municipal Monitor at the council from December 2017 until 30 June 2019. She was then appointed as Municipal Monitor at the council from 1 July 2019 until the date a new permanent CEO commences at the council.

Ms Digby has new terms of reference and will be responsible for monitoring the actions and processes undertaken by the council in relation to the recruitment and appointment of the council’s next permanent CEO.

Local Government Investigations and Compliance Inspectorate media release

Terms of reference (PDF, 263.0 KB)

Terms of reference July 2019 (PDF, 185.0 KB)

Municipal Monitor Peter Stephenson was appointed to South Gippsland Shire Council on 18 June 2018 until 4 April 2019.

Mr Stephenson was responsible for monitoring and advising on South Gippsland Shire Council's governance processes and practices. He provided his final report to the Minister on 21 March 2019.

The Minister subsequently appointed a Commission of Inquiry which provided its report to the Minister on 13 June 2019. The council was subsequently dismissed on 22 June 2019 by the Local Government (South Gippsland Shire Council) Act 2019.

Municipal Monitor Janet Dore was appointed to Ararat Rural City Council in August 2017 until 2 May 2019. Ms Dore was responsible for providing support to the council in implementing the Commission of Inquiry’s recommendations and reporting on the council’s progress to the Minister.

Municipal Monitor Bill Jaboor was appointed to Central Goldfields Shire Council in October 2016. Mr Jaboor provided support during the council's caretaker period while an investigation by the Local Government Compliance and Investigations Inspectorate was underway.  

Municipal Monitor report on Central Goldfields Shire Council - December 2016 (PDF, 475.7 KB)

Following the Victorian Ombudsman's report into the Casey City Council's Special Charge Scheme in Market Lane in June 2016, the Bill Jaboor was appointed as Municipal Monitor to monitor the Council.

Mr Jaboor worked with and interviewed council staff and the Mayor, and talked to community groups and members. Mr Jaboor’s report outlines how the ombudsman’s recommendations and other concerns have been addressed by the council. It also assesses the actions taken aimed to ensure similar governance issues do not arise again.

Municipal Monitor report on Casey City Council - August 2016 (PDF, 117.3 KB)

See also Victorian Ombudsman’s Report of Investigation into Casey City Council’s Special Charge Scheme for Market Lane

Mark Madden and Bill Mountford were appointed as Special Inspectors on 25 June 2015 to assist Darebin City Council address the outstanding issues identified by Municipal Monitor Mr Peter Lewinsky during his term at the council. Their final report was released in November 2015.

Municipal Monitor further report on Darebin City Council (Mr Peter Lewinsky) – June 2015  (PDF, 4.4 MB)

Special Inspectors report on Darebin City Council  (Mr Mark Madden and Mr Bill Mountford) - November 2015 (PDF, 5.4 MB)
Special Inspectors report on Darebin City Council  (Mr Mark Madden and Mr Bill Mountford) - November 2015 (DOCX, 135.7 KB)

Municipal Monitor Peter Stephenson was appointed to monitor the activities and performance of Wangaratta Rural City Council on 8 May 2013. In September 2013 Mr Bill Scales reviewed the reports and investigations into Wangaratta Rural City Council following the October 2012 elections to provide advice as to whether the reports confirm that a case existed for the dismissal of the council.

Municipal Monitor report on Wangaratta Rural City Council - August 2013 (PDF, 8.5 MB)

Review of reports and documents and the provision of advice in relation to the Wangaratta Rural City Council - September 2013 (PDF, 1.4 MB)

Commissions of inquiry

Where more serious governance failures are identified, the Minister for Local Government can, under section 209 of the Local Government Act 1989, appoint a commissioner or commissioners to establish an inquiry into a council’s affairs.

Commissioners must conduct their inquiry in accordance with their terms of reference and provide a report to the Minister on their findings and recommendations.

Commission of Inquiry into South Gippsland Shire Council

Commission of Inquiry into Ararat Rural City Council

Commission of Inquiry into Greater Geelong City Council

Commission on Inquiry into Surf Coast Shire Council

Citizens' juries

A citizens’ jury is an innovative way to involve everyday people in decision making.  This comprehensive, transparent engagement approach allows the community to be placed at the center of the process.  

Citizens’ juries bring together representative, random samples of citizens who are briefed in detail on the background and current thinking relating to a particular issue, asked to discuss possible approaches and/or solutions, and finally craft a set of recommendations to address the issues at hand.

There is no provision for citizens' juries under the Local Government Act 1989.

The Geelong Citizens’ Jury

The Victorian Government committed to consult the Geelong community about its local governance arrangements following the dismissal of the Greater Geelong City Council in April 2016.

A citizens' jury was established for this purpose and tasked with recommending how Greater Geelong should be democratically represented by their council.

The Geelong Citizens' Jury was overseen by the independent not-for-profit organisation the newDemocracy Foundation (nDF)

The nDF randomly selected the 100-member jury from 15,000 Geelong residents, who were invited to register their interest to be a jury member. Key stakeholders and interest groups as well as all members of the Geelong community had the opportunity to have their say in person and online, and have those views considered by the jury. This ensured the jury was fully informed about all views and perspectives when it deliberated.

The Jury's Final Report and Recommendations (PDF, 122.8 KB)

Government Response to Jury’s Recommendations (PDF, 2.5 MB)

The unedited final Geelong Citizens' Jury report and the Government response were tabled in Parliament on 9 May 2017. This coincided with the introduction of a Bill to implement the jury's practical recommendations.

Frequently Asked Questions

Local government panels

The Minister for Local Government can appoint a local government panel to:

  • review a proposal to form a new council or restructure an existing council
  • advise the Minister on potential reforms to the local government sector

At the end of their appointment, the panel provides a final report to the Minister.

On 2 April 2015, former Supreme Court Judge the Hon Frank Vincent AO QC and Mr John Watson were appointed as a local government panel to carry out a review and provide independent advice into whether Sunbury should separate from the City of Hume and become a local government entity in its own right.

Report of the Local Government (Sunbury Hume Transition Audit) Panel – August 2015 (PDF, 3.1 MB)

In 2013-14, a local government electoral review panel was established to carry out a comprehensive review of Victoria's local government electoral system. The panel was chaired by Mr Petro Georgiou AO and made up of panel members Ms Sally Davis and Ms Anne Murphy OAM.

The panel was tasked with examining the electoral system for councils and advising on how to increase meaningful participation in local government democracy and how to strengthen the integrity of council elections. The panel made 55 recommendations for reform.

The panel's stage 1 report examined the electoral process, participation and integrity.

The panel's stage 2 report looked at electoral representation.

The Local Government (Councillor Remuneration Review) Panel was convened in 2008 to review councillor allowances. The panel also provided recommendations on appropriate reimbursement of expenses and provision of resources support for mayors and councillors.

Local Government (Councillor Remuneration Review) Panel Report - completed in January 2008 (PDF, 273.8 KB)
Government's Response to recommendations of the Local Government (Councillor Remuneration Review) Panel Report  (PDF, 53.5 KB)

In April 2008 a new policy was announced to give effect to the recommendations.

Recognition and Support: the Victorian Government's Policy Statement on Local Government Mayoral and Councillor Allowances and Resources (PDF, 142.2 KB)

The new package and policy took effect immediately after the 2008 council general elections.

On 10 July 2007, a local government panel was appointed to review and recommend whether exceptional circumstances exist that warrant an alteration of the municipal boundary between the City of Melbourne and the Moonee Valley City Council in the suburb of Kensington and that part of the suburb of North Melbourne that lies within Moonee Valley City Council.

Report of the Local Government (Kensington Boundary Review) Panel – November 2007 (PDF, 1.1 MB)

Map of the new municipal boundary

On 12 March 2002, a local government panel was appointed to conduct a review of the feasibility and viability of the Delatite Shire Council becoming two separate municipalities, one being based in Benalla and one being based in Mansfield.

Report of the Local Government (Delatite Shire Council) Review Panel – July 2002 (PDF, 189.7 KB)

Attachments 1 - 5  (PDF, 895.2 KB)
Attachment 4a  (PDF, 1006.7 KB)
Attachment 4b  (PDF, 1.1 MB)
Attachment 4c (PDF, 1.2 MB)

Page last updated: 16/08/19